As Zen Replaces the Id...
Maslow's Self-Actualization and the Buddha's Enlightenment
A.H. Maslow proposed one of the more general theories on motivation. He explained motivation in terms of a hierarchy of needs. According to his theory, we must first fulfill the most basic needs before being motivated to fulfill the higher ones. In ascending order, the needs are: Physiological (food, temperature, etc.); Saftey; Belongingness and love; Esteem (prestige, accomplishment); and self-actualization, or achieving one's fullest potential as a human being.
Maslow listed the following properties of a "self-actualize d personality":
- An accurate perception of reality, that the world is "as it is," not as they would like it to be.
- Independence, creativity and spontaneity.
- Acceptance. Of themselves and others.
- Outlook on life is problem-centered, not ego-centered.
- Enjoyment of life, open to "peak experiences."
- Sense of humor.
"Peak experiences" are times when a person feels contentment, peace, and "oneness with the universe."
*(currently looking for a proper source from Maslow to footnote this and add his own words.)
This FORUM topic:Is Maslow's "peak experience" the same a "satori" (enlightenment)? How about "moments of clarity," "breakthroughs," or other such experiences? Is Maslow's "self-actualized person," "enlightened?"
Please share your feelings below.